a preponderance of punctuation marks (reedrover) wrote,
a preponderance of punctuation marks
reedrover

Plants that are toxic to ruminants

Oooh! shiny link thingy - Merck Vet Manual table of toxic plants
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This list came across one of my e-mail lists without any useful bibliographical information, but hey, it can't hurt to park it here in case I need it.

While this list doesn't say "llama" I'm going to assume that any plant that can kill a goat can take down a llama too. I'm putting things that I find important in bold. Your mileage may vary. To me, the things to look for in a name are: sorrel, wart/wort, lily, poison (ETA: except for poison ivy!), blind, stagger...

Toxic to Ruminants: Cattle, Goats, Sheep
Botanical Name Common Name
Acacia georginae Georgina gidgee
Acacia glaucescens Coastal myall, Sally wattle
Acetosella vulgaris Sorrel, Sour dock, Horse sorrel
Aconitum napellus Monkshood, Wolfsbane, Aconite
Adonis microcarpa Small fruited pheasant’s eye, Red chamomile
Aesculus spp Horsechestnut
Agapanthus spp Agapanthus, African Lily
Ageratina adenophera Crofton weed.
Allium triquetrum Three corner garlic, Angled onion
Alocasia macrorrhiza Alocasia, Cunjevoi, Elephant ears, Giant taro
Alstonia constricta Bitter bark, Quinine tree, Peruvian bark
Alternanthera pungens Khaki weed
Amaryllis belladonna Belladonna lily, Naked Lady
Amaranthus spp Amarynth, Redroot
Ambrosia confertiflora Burr ragweed
Ambrosia psilostachya Perennial ragweed, Western ragweed
Ammi majus Queen Anne’s lace, Bishop’s weed
Amsinkia spp Iron weed, Tarweed, Yellow Burrweed, Fiddleneck
Anagallis arvensis Scarlet pimpernel
Anredera cordifolia Madeira vine, Lambs tail
Anthemis cotula Stinking mayweed, Corn chamomile
Araujia hortorum Mothplant, Mothvine, Milk vine
Arbutus unedo Irish Strawberry tree
Arctotheca calendula Capeweed, Daisy chains
Asclepias curassavica Redhead cotton bush, Milkweed
Atalaya hemiglauca Whitewood, Cattle bush
Atriplex spp Saltbush
Atropa belladonna Deadly Nightshade, Dwale
Avena spp Wild oats
Baccharis halimifolia Goundsel bush
Bidens pilosa Cobblers peg, Farmers friend, Beggar's ticks
Brachychiton populneus Kurrajong
Brassica tournefortii Wild turnip, Mediterranean turnip
Brugmansia candida Angel’s trumpet, Datura duh!
Brunfelsia Yesterday Today and Tomorrow, Fransiscia
Bryophyllum spp Mother of millions, Christmas bells
Buxus spp Box hedge, Boxwood
Caesalpina spp Red Bird of Paradise, Mysore thorn, Wait-a while
Calandrina spp Parakeela
Calotropis procera Rubber bush/tree, Kings crown
Cannabis sativa Cannabis, Indian hemp, Marijuana actually, it's only toxic in high quantities
Cardaria draba Hoary cress, White weed
Carduus nutans Nodding thistle, Musk thistle
Carduus pycnocephalus Slender/Shore/Italian Thistle
Cassia artemisioides Silver cassia, Dense cassia, Punty bush
Cassia barclayana Pepper-leaved senna
Cassia eremophila Punty Bush, Desert Cassia, Scented Cassia
Cassia occidentalis Coffee Senna, Arsenic Bush, Ant Bush
Cassia pleurocarpa Australian Senna, Firebush
Cassinia arcuata Sifton bush, Biddy bush, Cassinia, Chinese scrub
Cassinia spp Dogwood, Dolly bush, Mountain itch
Castanospermum australe Black bean, Morton Bay chestnut
Cenchrus echinatus Mossman River grass, Buffel grass, Spiny burr grass
Cestrum spp Green / Orange cestrum, Lady of the Night
Chamaecytisus proliferus Lucerne tree, Tagasaste
Cheilanthes spp Rock fern, Mulga fern
Chenopodium spp Fat hen, Goosefoot, Nitre bush, Crunb weed
Chloris spp Windmill grass, Winter Rhodes grass
Cirsium arvense Californian thistle, Perennial thistle, Creeping thistle again, it's a quantity thing
Citrullus colocynthis Bitter apple, Wild water melon
Citrullus lanatus Bitter melon, Wild melon
Clematis Clematis, Old Man’s Beard
Conium maculatum Hemlock, Carrot fern, Poison Parsley all of the water-based hemlocks are poison to all grazing animals
Consolida ambigua Larkspur
Convallaria majalis Lily of the Valley
Craspedia chrysantha Golden billybuttons, Yellow drumsticks
Crotolaria spp Rattlepods
Cryptostegia grandiflora Rubber vine
Cucumis myriocarpus Paddy melon, Prickly paddy melon
Cycas spp Zamia, Sago palm
Cynodon dactylon Couch
Daphne spp Daphne
Datura ferox Fierce Thornapple, Long-spine Thornapple
Datura stramonium Thornapple, False Castor Oil, Jimson Weed
Delphinium spp Delphinium
Dendrocnide spp Stinging tree
Dieffenbachia spp Dumbcane
Digitalis purpurea Foxglove duh!
Duboisia myoporoides Corkwood
Duranta repens Golden dewdrop, Pigeon berry
Dysphania spp Red crumbweed
Echium plantagineum Patersons Curse, Salvation Jane, Murrumbidgee bluebell
Echium vulgare Blue thistle, Vipers bugloss
Emex australis Spiny emex, 3 –corner Jack, Cats head, Double gee
Equisetum arvense Horsetail, Scouring rush
Eremocarpus setigerus Turkey mullein, Dove weed
Eremophila longifolia Emu bush, Berrigan, Native plum
Eremophila maculata Native fuchsia, Spotted emu bush
Erethrina spp Coral tree, Corkwood
Erythroxylum coco Coco leaf, Cocaine
Eucalyptus cladocalyx Sugar gum interesting!
Euphorbia spp Spurge, Milkweed, Poinsettia, Caustic bush
Gastrolobium grandiflorum Desert poison Bush, Heart-leaf poison you'd think, with "poison" in the name...
Gelsemium sempervirens Yellow jasmine, Carolina Jessamine, Woodbine
Genista linifolia Flax-leaved broom
Genista monspessulana Cape broom, Montpellier broom, Canary broom
Gleditisia triacanthos Honey locust tree, Bean tree
Gloriosa supurba Glory lily, Climbing lily, Flame Lily look, just stay away from lilies, ok?
Gnaphalium spp Cudweed
Gomphocarpus fruiticosus Narrow-leaf cotton bush
Gomphocarpus physocarpus Balloon cotton Bush, Bladder cotton
Heliotropium amplexicaule Blue heliotrope
Heliotropium europaeum Common heliotrope
Helleborus spp Christmas rose, Lenten rose
Heterodendrum oleifolium Rosewood, Boonery, Bullock bush
Homeria spp Cape tulip
Hoya australis Hoya, Waxflower
Hydrangea macrophylla Hydrangea
Hypericum androsaemum Tutsan, Sweet amber
Hypericum perforatum St John’s wort, Goat weed
Hypericum tetrapterum Square stemmed hypericum, St Peter's wort
Hypericum triquetrifolium Tangled hypericum
Ipomoea calobra Weir vine
Ipomoea indica Blue morning glory
Ipomoea lonchophylla Cowvine
Isotropis atropurpurea Isotropis, Poison sage, Lamb poison "Lamb poison" is a giveaway
Ixiolaena brevicompta Flat billy-buttons, Plains plover daisy
Jatropha curcas Physic nut, Purge nut, Coral plant
Jatropha gossypifolia Bellyache Bush
Juniperus communis Common Juniper only in quantity
Kalmia augustifolia Sheep laurel, Lambkill not only is it a laurel, it's got kill in the name...
Laburnum spp Laburnum
Lactuca serriola Prickly lettuce, Compass plant
Lamium amplexicaule Deadnettle, Henbit
Lantana camara Lantana
Lathyrus odoratus Sweet pea eh, only sort of...
Leucaena leucocephala Leucaena
Ligustrum lucidum Broad-leaf privet
Ligustrum sinense Small-leaf privet, Chinese privet
hedges kept sheep in for a reason...
Lolium perene Ryegrass, Perennial ryegrass This is suspect! Ryegrass is usually a part of pasture grass mixes. This requires more investigation.
Lotus spp Lotus, Native birdsfoot trefoil
Ludwegia peruviana Ludwegia, Water primrose
Lupinus spp Lupins
Lycium ferocissimum African boxthorn, Boxthorn
Lythrum hyssopifolia Lesser loostrife
Macrozamia spp Burrawang, Wild pineapple, Zamia
Maireana spp Bluebush
Malva parviflora Marshmallow, Small flowered mallow
Marsdenia rostrata Milk vine
Marsilea drummondii Nardoo
Melia azedarach White cedar, Cape lilac, Neem tree
Melianthus comosus Tufted honeyflower, Cape honeyflower
Morinda reticulata Mapoon
Myoporum acuminatum Boobialla, Strichnine bush, Water bush
Myoporum deserti Ellangowan poison bush, Dogwood, Turkey bush, Emu bush
Nerium oleander Oleander, Rose Bay, Rose Laurel
Nicotiana glauca Tree tobacco
Nicotiana spp Wild tobacco
Nicotiana tabacum Tobacco

Ornithogalum thyrosoides Chincherinchee
Oxalis spp Soursob, Oxalis, Shamrock, Wood Sorrel
Oxylobium -spp Box Poison
Panicum spp Panic grasses
Papaver somniferum Opium poppy
Parkinsonia aculeata Parkinsonia, Jerusalem thorn
Parthenium hysterophorus Parthenium weed
Peganum harmala African rue
Penisetum clandestinum Kikuyu grass
Persea americana Avocado
Phalaris spp Phalaris grasses
Philodendron scandens Philodendron suspect
Phytolacca octandra Inkweed, Pokeweed, Dye berry
Pimelia curviflora Pimelia, Desert rice bush, Flaxweed
Pinus radiata Radiata pine, Monterey pine suspect
Portulacca spp Munyeroo, Pigweed, Purslane
Proboscidea louisianica Purple devil’s claw
Prosopis spp Mesquite
Prunus spp Apricot, Almond, Cherry, Plum, Peach, Prunus They aren't being specific enough here. It's the wilted leaves that are toxic, and then only in high quantities.
Psoralea tenax Emu-foot, Psoralea
Pteridium esculentum Bracken, Austral fern
Quercus spp Oak tree It takes a lot of tannins to make a problem here...
Raphanus raphanistrum Wild radish, Jointed charlock
Rapistrum rugosum Turnip weed, Wild turnip
Reseda spp Wild mignonette, Dyer’s weed
Rhododendron spp Rhododendron, Azalea
Rhodomyrtus macrocarpa Finger cherry, Native Loquat
Ricinus communis Caster oil plant
Robinia pseudoacacia Robinia, Black locust, False acacia
Romulea rosea Onion weed, Guildford grass
Rumex crispus Curled dock
Salsola kali Soft roly poly, Prickly saltwort, Tumbleweed
Salvia reflexa Mintweed
Sambucus nigra Elder, Black Elder
Sapium sebiferum Chinese tallow tree
Sarcostemma australe Caustic vine, Caustic bush, Milk vine
Schinus spp Pepper tree, Pepperina
Schotia brachypetala Drunken Parrot tree, Tree fuschia, Boer bean
Sclerolaena birchii Galvanised burr
Sclerolaema muricata Black roly poly, Five spined salt bush
Senecio jacobaea Ragwort, St James wort
Senecio madagascariensis Fireweed, Variable groundsel
Senecio pterophorus African daisy
Senecio quadridentatus Cotton fireweed
Senecio vulgaris Common groundsel
Silybum marianum Variegated, Spotted, Milk, Cabbage - Thistle
Solanum aviculare Kangaroo apple
Solanum cinereum Narrawa burr
Solanum elaeagnifolium Silverleaf nightshade
Solanum esuriale, Quena, Potato weed, Wild tomato
Solanum linnaeanum Apple of Sodom, Bitter apple, Poison apple
Solanum mauritianum Wild tobacco tree. Tobacco bush
Solanum nigrum Blackberry nightshade
Solanum pseudocapsicum Madeira winter cherry, Jerusalem cherry
Solanum rostratum Buffalo burr, Colorado burr
Solanum sturtianum Thargomindah nightshade
Sonchus spp Sow thistle, Milk thistle
Sorghum halepense Johnson grass, Aleppo grass, Evergreen millet
Sorghum X almum Columbus grass
Stachys arvense Stagger weed, Hedge nettle, Mint weed
Stypandra glauca Nodding blue lily, Blind grass
Swainsona spp Darling pea, Swainsonia, Broughton pea
Tagetes minuta Stinking Roger
Taxus baccata English yew
Terminalia oblongata Yellow-wood
Thevetia peruviana Yellow oleander, Tree daffodil, Be-still tree
Trachyandra divaricata Branched onion weed
Trachymene spp White or Blue parsnip
Tradescantia albiflora Wandering Jew
Trema aspera Peach-leaf poison bush
Tribulus terrestris Caltrop, Cat-head, Puncture vine, Tar vine
Urochloa panicoides Liverseed grass, Urochloa
Ventilago viminalis Supplejack
Verbesina encelioides Crownbeard, Gold weed, American dog-weed
Vicia faba Vetchs, Broad Beans
Xanthium occidentale Noogoora Burr
Xanthium spinosum Bathurst burr, Spiny cocklebur
Xanthorrhoea spp Grass trees. Blackboys
Zantedeschia aethiopica Arum lily, Cattle lily
Zieria arborescens Stinkwood
Tags: animals, goats, llamas
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